A free society, by nature, is an open society.
The closed society that we see today was imposed on us by powerful interest who sought to dominate the community.
The ideology behind the closed society was developed in the early 1800s as a reaction to the US and French Revolution.
I call this process of dividing people "Modern Dialectics." The formula is simple. Intellectuals create grand theories with paradoxes at the roots of reason and conflict at the surface.
People love paradoxes. "This sentence is false." But if the sentence is false, then it is true which makes it false.
Golly, I am ever so clever. I stated a paradox!
Intellectual rogues manufacture conflicts that reflect the paradox. People then get so wrapped up in these dialectical constructs that they become incapable of communicating with each other.
For example, a community organizer might use dialectics to unite half a community against the other half. The paradox is that uniting people against each other is an act of division. The people who fall for the flowery rhetoric of the organizer are drawn into oppressing and putting out their neighbors.
The US Founders hated the partisanship of Europe. The Constitution makes no mention of party. The Left/Right split that dominates life today came in the generation after the founders as political rogues formed parties in the grub for power.
The Left/Right split came from the French Revolution. The French left sought radical social change. The French Right sought to preserve the social structure of the ancient regime.
Both sides of this split use similar dialectical processes to unite people against each other. (Uniting people against each other is a paradox). The dialectical center exploits the conflict, playing the two sides against each other in their effort to gain power.
BTW, it is possible to frame any position as left, right or center. Civil rights and Conservation were once positions held by the Right that were captured by the Left. The parties routinely switch positions on major issues.
The important issue is the underlying thought process behind the positions. The Left/Right and Dialectical Center share the same convoluted dialectical thought process. They use conflict at the surface and paradox at the roots of reason. It is a simple matter of dividing and conquering.
The Left, Right and Dialectical Center share the same underlying methodology of dividing and conquering the people. The two sides of the coin are made of the same metal.
The press has been making hay of divisions among Conservatives. Conservatives are divided because Conservatism is inherently dialectical.
Conservatism and Progressive are identical in form. There is conflict on the surface and paradox at the foundation of reason. Progressives, Conservatives and the Dialectical Center manufacture a conflict then launch into shrill diatribes over the manufactured conflict.
The partisan camps are so thoroughly invested in their paradoxes and convoluted thinking that they lose the ability to communicate and society soon devolves into a base system of personal attacks.
I live in Utah. Utah is run by the LDS Church, which holds as foundational a particularly pernicious form of Hegelian Dialectics (see Mormon Dialectics). This Mormon Dialectics completely destroys the ability for people to community.
Mormon Dialectics holds that the Heavenly Father created this terrestrial realm as a test. Mormon dialectics holds that there is a great war between the gods in heave (Satan and Jesus) and that the conflicts on earth reflect this conflict among the gods.
According to Mormon Dialectics, the Heavenly Father revealed the truth of this conflict to Joseph Smith who was to form a new church. The members of the new church are "The Righteous." The Righteous are in an eternal conflict with the gentiles who are Servants of Satan who need to be exterminated. (Sidney Rigdon, cofounder of the LDS Church called for a War of Extermination against non-Mormons on July 4th, 1838.)
"And that mob that comes on us to disturb us; it shall be between us and them a war of extermination, for we will follow them, till the last drop of their blood is spilled, or else they will have to exterminate us: for we will carry the seat of war to their own houses, and their own families, and one party or the other shall be utterly destroyed."
I emphasized the word "mob." In an interesting display of "projection," Mormons often use the term "mob" to describe everyone who is outside of their political hierarchy. It is also interesting that the Mormon dialectical style inspired Sidney Rigdon (a cofounder of the LDS Church) to declare a War of Extermination against this nameless mob.
This pattern seems to be common for people seduced by modern dialectics. The dialectics divides people into isolated groups. The people in these isolated groups start vilifying those outside the group. The shrill rhetoric within the group rises to the point where people start talking about exterminating their neighbors.
Historian shows that the Hegelian Right reached its ultimate expression with Fascism and Nazism. The Hegelian Left reached its ultimate expression with Communism. Groups that employ this modern dialectics invariably lead to fractured and self-destructive societies.
The antidote to dialectics is Sound Rational Thinking. Unfortunately, once people have been seduced by dialectics, it becomes extremely difficult to communicate with them. How can one engage in any sort of rational discourse with people who've been indoctrinated since youth to see those outside their group as servants of satan?